Punjab State Climate Change knowledge Centre



Punjab State Climate Change Knowledge Centre (PSCCKC) has been set up with the support of the Department of Science Technology (DST) in Punjab State Council for Science & Technology (PSCST), which is the State Nodal Agency for Climate Change issues. Centre is envisaged to identify & promote innovative climate friendly technologies and stimulate adaptive & mitigative measures suitable for Punjab as outlined in State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) to address the emerging challenges from changing environmental scenarios.  The centre is also envisioned as functional knowledge hub, catering to the needs of policy makers, scientific community and general public on climate change issues through generation and sharing of information on multiple dimensions under Knowledge Mission. The Centre has expertise in the area of environment & climate change, biotechnology, conservation & management of natural resources, energy auditing & pollution control and has been able to develop & demonstrate technologies in these areas. It is also taking up awareness/training/capacity building and outreach activities including development of target specific information material. Its activities particularly publications on climate change issues have been recognised and appreciated by RCE Network of UNU-IAS, Japan.

 The PSCCKC is taking locale specific steps to achieve objectives outlined under Knowledge Mission as mentioned below:

  • Preparation of projects aiming at addressing climate change vulnerabilities.
  • R&D initiatives for developing suitable Climate resilient technologies.
  • Technology identification and pilot scale demonstration.
  • Capacity building of various stakeholders.
  • Development of target specific resource material.
  • Integrating Climate Change concerns in the policies and programmes 
  • Monitoring and Evaluation of CC programmes implemented through various stakeholders.
  • Review and realigning of objectives through mid-course evaluation.

Salient Achievements

Punjab State Climate Change Knowledge Centre has taken up projects as identified under SAPCC involving concerned departments and stakeholders. Salient technical outcomes are as under:

  • Sectoral brainstorming and capacity building programmes for identifying suitable climate resilient practices & technologies.
  • Student outreach programmes through 5500 schools targeting more than 5 lac children by celebrating climate change awareness week.
  • Facilitated and mobilized more than 30,000 students to visit Climate Change Science Express.
  • Organized special educational & awareness visits through screening of climate change film at specially designed Climate Change Theatre at Science City.
  • Collection, compilation and analysis of Sate specific climate data i.e temperature, rainfall, etc. for last over 100 years. 
  • Development of target specific resource material and technical documents on climate resilient technologies.
  • Design & development of Climate resilient cattle sheds and genetic improvement of climate resilient native breeds of cattle.
  • Conceptualized and studied combustion behaviour of paddy straw for its gainful utilization as fuel in the form of briquettes in Brick Kilns in place of conventional fuel (coal). Technology demonstration is underway.
  • Energy auditing of 14 institutional /government buildings and 60 power intensive industries undertaken to enhance energy efficiency & its conservation. 
  • Development & demonstration of Energy Efficient Zig-Zag Technology in brick kilns sector for cutting down coal consumption and thereby reducing GHG emissions.
  • Developed 10 proposals for seeking climate finance.

 State Level Strategy and Action Plan On Climate Change (SAPCC)

Punjab State Council for Science & Technology is coordinating the programme for preparation of state level Strategy and Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) as per the frame work of Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India in line with National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). Under this programme action plan has been prepared covering Eight National Missions namely National Solar Mission, National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency, National Mission on Sustainable Habitat, National Water Mission, National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, National Mission for a Green India, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture and National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change identified by the Ministry involving concerned State departments and in consultation with GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft for Internationale Zusammenarbeit) and Consulting Engineering Services India Pvt. Ltd. (CES). A stakeholders’ workshop-cum-public hearing to discuss issues covered in the SAPCC was organised on December 24th, 2012 at Chandigarh. The Action Plan has been endorsed by the National Steering Committee on Climate Change. Punjab State Climate Change Knowledge Center has been set up in the Council with support from the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India.

Mission wise Strategies and Actions

SAPCC Dcocument Click here to download


1. Towards Climate Resilient Livestock Production System in Punjab: 

The Centre in collaboration with GIZ and concerned departments (Deptt. of Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development, GADVASU, PAU and PEDA) formulated proposal for addressing climate concerns of livestock sector and sought financial supportof Rs.17.39 Croresunder National Adaptation Fund on Climate Change. The project is for 5 years duration and is being implemented in 127 villages of three districts of Punjab i.e. Ludhiana, Bhatinda and Tarn Taran. The project aims to benefit small and marginal cattle farmers (3000 numbers) in addressing loss of milk production under heat stress conditions. Layout & Design of Climate Resilient Sheds (CRS) has been finalized and construction work of CSRs for demonstration purposes at institutional levels and sheds for 5 & 10 animal capacity at community level is under way. Retrospective data analysis is ongoing for developing disease forecasting model to control diseases in climate change scenario. Under the project, Weather Linked Insurance (WLI) Package is also being prepared.


2. Gainful utilization of Paddy Straw as Fuel in the form of briquettes in Brick  Kilns:

The Centre had carried out a preliminary study to assess utilization of Paddy Straw as fuel in the form of briquettes in Brick Kilns, with support of Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB). The findings revealed that 50% of the conventional fuel (coal) used in brick kilns can be safely replaced with paddy straw based briquettes. Thus, PSCST approached Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), GOI to provide financial support for validation of this technology and its demonstration in the state. MoEF&CC sanctioned the project in 2016-17 at a cost of Rs.2.23  crores. Project provisioned an option of locally available green fuel thereby reducing GHG emissions on account of replacement of  fossil fuel & its transportation cost. Metallurgy of paddy straw choppers & grinders has been improved. Mitigation potential of single unit with capacity of producing 5000 Tbriquettes (4000 T paddy straw and 1000 T other biomass) annually to cater a cluster of 7-8 brick Kilns replacing coal requirement by 50% is under installation. This will lead to reducing Carbon emissions to the tune of 4400 Tonnes per annum.


3. Climate Resilient Building in Rural Area through Crop Residue Management: 

The Centre has coordinated development of a regional project on management and utilization of crop residue in collaboration with NABARD and Dept. of Agriculture. Major activities under the project include crop diversification and sensitization of farmers. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has allocated financial support of Rs 4736.30 lakhs for Punjab under National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change to undertake project activities. The project is for 3 years duration and shall be implemented in all districts of the state. In Kharif 2018, the diversification is being implemented in five clusters i.e Ludhiana, Mohali, Roopnagar, Patiala, Pathankot, which would be extended to twenty more clusters in Kharif 2019 covering 5000 ha area. The project aims to involve farmers to replace cultivation of paddy with other crops such as maize, pulses, oil seeds etc. Setting up of processing units in the clusters are proposed for value addition of produce. In addition to this capacity building programmes, exposure visits for farmers and interface with corporates for marketing tie up of diversified produce shall be taken up.


4. Paddy Straw as a Raw Material for Ethanol Production: 

Another project is being implemented involving Kuantum Papers Ltd for setting up pilot unit for cellulosic ethanol production from paddy straw. The project is partially funded by BIRAC. Process parameters for production of ethanol from paddy straw are being optimized.


5. Climate Change Adaptation in Rural Areas: 

The Centre is actively involved with GIZ in implementing the project "Climate Change Adaptation in Rural Areas India"in Punjab. The project is approved by the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Govt. of India under bilateral cooperation and has four work packages i.e. i) capacity building ii) CCA Demonstration Project, iii) assessing national & international climate funds and iv) information and knowledge management. Under the project, sectoral level training programmes are being undertaken to enhance the ability of stakeholders including Senior Govt. Officers/officials, District Administrations/Panchayat Bodies, Academicians, women SHGs, NGOs, etc. to understand the climate change impacts on various sectors. Besides, creating an institutional framework at (State/District & Panchayat level) and providing technical support to concerned Departments for accessing climate finance. 


6. Project  in the areas of Energy conservation & energy audit: 

The Centre had carried out a study on “Impact of Energy Conservation Activities in the State of Punjab” with the support of Punjab Energy Development Agency (PEDA). It has been estimated that the energy conservation of 194.55 million units (MUs) can be achieved through various energy saving measures.  Energy auditing of 14 institutional /government buildings and 60 power intensive industries undertaken to enhanceenergy efficiency & its conservation. Under the Punjab Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency in relation to climate change energy conservationtechnologies have been replicated in 3000 brick kilns, 750 cupola furnaces & 475 Rolling mills which led to reduction in coal consumption thereby, cut down CO2 emissions by 6,60,000 T, 18,867 T and 1,06,229 T per annum, respectively.


7. Cultivation & Value Addition through Post Harvesting of Bioresources in Shivalik belt to improve capacity of local people:

 A Bioresource Processing Facility has been set up in collaboration with Unati Cooperative Marketing-cum-Processing Society Ltd. at Talwara with the support of Department of Biotechnology; Govt. of India. The innovative approach involved in setting up of the facility has resulted in generation of sustainable livelihood for rural women through value addition of locally available bioresources which were otherwise yielding negligible economic benefits to the local highly vulnerable population in the water starved region of Shivalik hills. In this facility innovative interventions for value addition of bioresources (such as natural vinegar production, polyhouse based solar drying, etc.) were demonstrated to local communities specially women Self Help Groups. Since the changing climate scenario may adversely affect sustainable livelihood of agrarian communities, this locally accepted interventionprovides an alternative way for substantiating their income. The project has tremendous replication in similarly affected areas.


8. Source Apportionment Study of Ludhiana city: 

A project on Source Apportionment Study of Ludhiana city (PPCB) to monitor ambient air quality has been initiated. Sector specific surveys for assessment of air quality during different seasons and from different locations is underway to identify sources and quantitative contributions including GHGs.


9. Waste Heat Recovery System (WHRS) in Cupola Furnace:

 A demonstration project on Waste Heat Recovery System (WHRS) in Cupola Furnace has been taken up and baseline study for setting up of WHRS at a demonstration unit has been conducted.Cupola Foundry Association has been actively involved to set up demonstration unit in this regard.   This will help in reducing coal consumption.


10. Replicatiton of zig-zag technology in brick kilns: 

To control GHG emissions from brick kiln sector, indigenously designed induced draft brick kiln technology with zig-zag firing has been  demonstrated and  is being promoted to switch over to this energy efficient technology. The technology complies with the proposed new emission standards of 250 mg/Nm3 besides clear skyline due to negligible smoke from the stack of the kiln.  Fixed Chimney Bulls Trench Kiln (FCBTK) can be retrofitted into efficient and cleaner zigzag firing.  Detailed studies on brick kilns show that conversion from FCBTK to Zigzag firing results in 20% savings in coal consumption and reduction in CO2 emissions besides 75%reduction in suspended particulate matter and black carbon. The GHG emissions are as low as 68gm/kg fired brick and carbon footprint reduction per kiln is about 190 Tons per annum.  The technology has been replicated in 335 brick kilns.

Trainings and Capacuity Building

 List of Capacity Building Programs   taken  up by the Punjab State Climate Change knowedge Centre:

 Sr. no.



 Level of   Participation / Stakeholders

No. of participants

 Resource material


Joint Training Programme on GIS with PRSC 




 Research Scientists, Representatives from concerned line departments






Three days training programme on ‘Climate Risk Management’


 19.12.17- 21.12.17


 Nodal/Co-nodal officers of the concerned State departments




 Displayed climate related documents and information materials



State Level Media Workshop on Climate Change


 27.10.17 -28.10.17


 Journalists,  Research Scientists, Representatives from concerned line departments






Workshop on Climate Change and extreme weather events in India and CCA-RAI project- Expert Talk by Dr. Akhilesh Gupta, Sr. Advisor, DST, GoI




 Representatives of concerned state departments






 Partial support to  Desh Bhagat University, Mandi Gobindgarh for organizing National Seminar on Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture




 Representatives of concerned state departments






 Consultation Meeting/Workshop under CCA-RAI Project




 Representatives of concerned departments






 Brainstorming session to identify Climate Resilient practices to develop Parampara book on the lines of GOI


Experts from PAU, Panjab University, Soil & Water Conservation Department and NGO (KhetiVirasat Mission)




DisplayedParampara book of GOI


 SwachhtaPakhwadaon International Youth Day – 2016




 NGOs and Schools


 5.00 lac (in 2600 schools)




 Training Need Assessment (TNA) Meeting for capacity building of Stakeholders under Climate Change Adaptation-Rural Area India (CCA-RAI) project.




Nodal/Co-nodal officers of the concerned State departments




Strategy document under CCA-RAI project


 Inception Workshop for Launching of Project ‘Towards Climate Resilient Livestock Production System in Chandigarh’




 Officers of the concerned departments, institutions.




 Knowledge Product on Livestock related project.


National Conference on ‘Recent Trends in Environment, Science and Technology’




Experts, faculty, research scholars and students




Research articles published in proceedings of the conference


Capacity Building on Climate Change




Students and Teachers





 Posters and other display material



Sensitization workshop on Climate Change




Students and Faculty members






Post-COP Climate Change Workshop




 Experts, Nodal/c-nodal officers from state departments, educational institutions, NGOs and other organizations




  AR5-IPCC soft copy, COP21 resource material, Brochure - Punjab Response to Climate Action


Brainstorming session to discuss issues regarding Greening Punjab under SAPCC




 Senior Experts in the field of Environment, Climate Change, forestry, agriculture, FRI, etc.






31st National Convention of Environmental Engineers and National Seminar on Climate Change – Need for Global Partnership




Students, researchers, faculty and experts




 Proceedings of the Seminar including technical papers on Climate Change.


Three day workshop on ‘Climate Change Adaptation’




Nodal/Co-nodal officers of various stakeholder departments




  Training manuals and other resource material on understanding of Climate Change and related issues, actions, etc.


Orientation Programme on Climate Change




 District Science Supervisors/Master Trainers/ Eco-club in-charge teachers






 Visit  to Climate Change Theatre at Pushpa Gujral Science City, Kapurthala


July–Aug, 15


 School Students and Teachers


> 1000 students




Celebration of ‘Climate Change Awareness Week’


27.7.15 – 1.8.15


 Students, teachers


5500 schools




 Workshop-cum-Interactive Meeting for Capacity Building regarding SAPCC




Nodal /Co-nodal officers on concerned departments and institutions




Workshop for formulation of project proposals on Climate Change




 Nodal officers of concerned State departments/institutions of agriculture and allied sectors




GCF, AFB & NAFCC templates


 Series of meetings and field visits with the concerned departments for formulation of project “Towards Climate Resilient Livestock Production System in Punjab”


17-18.6.15,  23.7.15 and 5.8.15


Officers of concerned departments (Deptt. Of Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development, GADVASU and PAU




Sharing of research data and other information for formulation of project


 Workshop for formulating projects under Climate Change










NAFCC and AFB templates










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